Peugeot 205 Manual
Steering and suspension check (Every 24000 miles (36000 km) or 2 years)Routine maintenance and servicing / Steering and suspension check (Every 24000 miles (36000 km) or 2 years)
Front suspension and steering
1 Apply the handbrake then jack up the front of the vehicle and support it on axle stands (see “Jacking and vehicle support”).
2 Visually inspect the balljoint dust covers and the steering gear bellows for splits, chafing or deterioration. Any wear of these components will cause loss of lubricant, together with dirt and water entry, resulting in rapid deterioration of the balljoints or steering gear.
3 Check the power steering fluid hoses (where applicable) for chafing or deterioration, and the pipe and hose unions for fluid leaks.
Also check for signs of fluid leakage under pressure from the steering gear rubber bellows, which would indicate failed fluid seals within the steering gear.
4 Check for signs of fluid leakage around the suspension strut body, or from the rubber boot around the piston rod (where fitted).
Should any fluid be noticed, the shock absorber is defective internally, and renewal is necessary.
5 Grasp the roadwheel at the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions, and try to rock it (see illustration).
25.5 Check for wear in the hub bearings by grasping the wheel and trying to rock it
Very slight free play may be felt, but if the movement is appreciable, further investigation is necessary to determine the source. Continue rocking the wheel while an assistant depresses the footbrake. If the movement is now eliminated or significantly reduced, it is likely that the wheel bearings are at fault. If the free play is still evident with the footbrake depressed, then there is wear in the suspension joints or mountings.
6 Now grasp the wheel at the 9 o’clock and 3 o’clock positions, and try to rock it as before.
Any movement felt now may again be caused by wear in the wheel bearings or the steering track rod end balljoints. If the outer track rod end is worn, the visual movement will be obvious. If the inner joint is suspect, it can be felt by placing a hand over the rack-and-pinion rubber bellows, and gripping the track rod. If the wheel is now rocked, movement will be felt at the inner joint if wear has taken place.
7 Using a large screwdriver or flat bar, check for wear in the suspension mounting bushes by levering between the relevant suspension component and its attachment point. Some movement is to be expected as the mountings are made of rubber, but excessive wear should be obvious. Also check the condition of any visible rubber bushes, looking for splits, cracks or contamination of the rubber.
8 With the vehicle standing on its wheels, have an assistant turn the steering wheel back-and-forth, about an eighth of a turn each way. There should be very little, if any, lost movement between the steering wheel and roadwheels. If this is not the case, closely observe the joints and mountings previously described, but in addition, check the steering column universal joints for wear, and also check the rack-and-pinion steering gear itself.
9 The efficiency of the shock absorber may be checked by bouncing the car at each front corner. Generally speaking, the body will return to its normal position and stop after being depressed. If it rises and returns on a rebound, the shock absorber is probably suspect. Examine also the shock absorber upper and lower mountings for any signs of wear or fluid leakage.
Rear suspension check
10 Chock the front wheels, then raise the rear of the vehicle and support it on axle stands.
(see “Jacking and vehicle support”).
11 Check the rear hub bearings for wear, using the method described for the front hub bearings (paragraph 4).
12 Using a large screwdriver or flat bar, check for wear in the suspension mounting bushes by levering between the relevant suspension component and its attachment point. Some movement is to be expected as the mountings are made of rubber, but excessive wear should be obvious. Check the condition of the shock absorbers as described previously.